4. Emerging Tech.


Questions Shared by 

Mrs. Shilpa Kate, IT Lecturer, S.B. Patil College of Science & Commerce, Ravet, Pune


TEXTBOOK EXERCISES

Q1. Fill in the blanks.

1.     IOT is Referred as Internet of Things

2.     Smart Home is the application of Internet of Things Technology.

3.     Amazon is the web service provider.

 

Q2. State True/False.

1. PaaS  provides  a  platform  with tools  to  test,  develop  and  host applications      in      the      same  Environment.

 ANS:TRUE


2. Cloud computing means to store and  access  data  and  programs over the internet.

ANS:TRUE

 

Q3. Match the following

          A                                                                          B

1) Smart City                                                  a)Software as a Service

          2)Amazon Web server                                        b) Platform as a Service

          3)PaaS                                                            c)Cloud computing

          4)SaaS                                                            d) IOT

Ans: 1àd   2àc  3àb  4à


Q 4. Answer in brief.

1.Give some applications of IOT.

Ans: Following are applications of IOT.

Smart lighting - Brightness of light is controlled on the basis of day light.

Smart  thermostats  -  Allows  users  to schedule,    monitor    and    remotely control home temperatures.

Smart locks and garage-door openers - Password based or facial recognition based doors and locks.

Smart  security  cameras  –  Security cameras that can identify known and unknown  person  and  raise  alarm,  in case of security threat.

Smart traffic signals – Signal that can monitor vehicles  and give responds  according to traffic in real time, controls traffic jam problem


2. Explain   in   detail   about   cloud computing.

¢ It provides  on-demand network access  to  a  shared  pool  of  computing resources  (network,  servers,  storage, applications)  and   releases services   with service provider interaction.

¢ Use of remote servers  on the internet to store , manage ,process data rather than Local server or on your PC


 

3. Explain models of cloud computing.

1.Infrastructure as a Service:

¢ IaaS  gives  users  access  to  storage, networking, servers and other computing resources via the cloud.

¢ Key features :

  Instead    of    purchasing    hardware users  pay on demand.

  Enterprises saves the costs of  buying and maintaining their own.

  Infrastructure  is  scalable  depending on processing and storage needs.

  Examples : Amazon web services, Google Compute Engine (GCE)

2.Platform  as a Service:

¢ It offers access to a cloud-based environment in which users can    develop,    manage    and    deliver applications.

¢ Key features :

  PaaS  provides  a  platform  with  tools to test, develop and host applications in the same environment.

  Allows   organizations   to   focus   on development.

  Manage security, operating systems, server software and backups.

  Facilitates collaborative work even if teams work remotely.

  Ex.  Force.com, Google App Engine, Apache Stratos

3.Software as a Service:

¢ It delivers  software and   applications   through   the   internet , users  accessed these applications through the web.

¢ Key features :

  Users do not have to manage, install or upgrade software; SaaS providers manage this.

  Data is secure in the cloud; equipment failure does not result in loss of data.

  Use   of   resources   can   be   scaled depending on service needs.

  Applications        are  accessible from virtually anywhere in the world.

¢ Examples  :  Google's  G  suite,  GitHub, SAP, Slack, Dropbox.


4.Give brief idea about AI.

¢ Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of computer science that highlights on creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans.

¢ AI   is   different   from   robotics,   in which machines sense     their     environment,     perform calculations and do physical tasks either by  themselves  or  under  the  direction  of people.

Advantages of AI:

  1.      Reduction in human error : gives   100% accuracy

2.     Digital Assistance : organizations    use    digital assistants  to  interact  with customer  for saving human   resources. Example- chatbot

3.     Faster  Decisions  take  decisions  faster  than  a  human  and carry out actions quicker.

4.     Daily Applications :  Apple’s Siri, Window’s Cortana, Google’s OK Google   

  Disadvantages of AI:

  1.      High   Costs   of   Creation-   As   the machines used in AI based environments are  very  complex  and  high  in  price,  it increases the cost for overall set up.

2.     Unemployment-  As  AI  is  replacing the  majority  of  the  repetitive  tasks  and other works with robots. This will reduced human  interference  but  cause  a  major problems in the employment standards.


5.Explain the concept of 5G.

1.     5G is the fifth generation of cellular network technology.

2.     Digital cellular network:-is service   area   covered   by   providers   is divided  into  small  geographical  areas called cells.

3.     5G is the next generation of wireless .

4.     Carry  very  large amounts of data at a short distance:- use  a variety   of   spectrum   bands,   millimeter wave ,  radio spectrum. etc

5.     The drawback of the higher frequencies : Easily  obstructed  by  the walls of buildings, trees even changes in the weather.

Features of 5G:-




ADDITIONAL QUESTION BANK

Q 1. Fill in the Blanks

1.     In Smart lighting system Illumination of light is controlled on the basis of day light.

2.     Smart thermostat device  allows user to schedule ,monitor and remotely control home temperatures.

3.     Cloud computing   is   a   model   for enabling, convenient on-demand network access  to  a  shared  pool  of  computing resources  like  network,  servers,  storage, applications  and  services  released  with service provider interaction.

4.     Infrastructure as a service  service  provider  gives  users  access  to  storage, networking, servers and other computing resources via the cloud.

5.     Platform as a service provides  a  platform  with  tools to test, develop and host applications in the same environment

6.     A Software as a service service  provider  delivers  software and   applications   through   the   internet.

7.     In Public cloud,  all  the  services  and supporting   infrastructure  are   managed off-site   over   the   internet   and   shared across  multiple  users.

8.     Private cloud  provides I.T services through the internet or a  private  network  to  selected  users rather than to general public.

9.     In  Private cloud solution all the data is  protected  behind  the Firewall

10.   Hybrid Cloud environments combines both Public and Private cloud elements

11. Artificial intelligence is an area of computer science that emphasizes on creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans.

12.   Natural language processing involves analyzing  and  understanding  human language and responding to it.

13.  Machine learning analytical   model   building,   to   find hidden insights in data without being programmed to look for something in particular or draw a certain conclusion.

14.  Neural Network imitate  the  brain's array of interconnected neurons, and relay   information   between   various units  to  find  connections  and  derive meaning from data.

15.  5G is the fifth generation of cellular network technology.

16.  5G is the next generation of wireless  communications.

Q 2. True or false

1.     While accessing   IaaS user is still   responsible   for   managing   their applications , data, middleware etc. Ans: True

2.     Infrastructure   is  scalable  depending on processing and storage needs. Ans: True

3.     Instead    of    purchasing    hardware outright,         users pay    for     IaaS   on demand. Ans: True

4. Cloud computing solutions are   expensive   than  the  actual  overall Infrastructure set up for the I.T services. Ans: False

5. Cloud   computing  solutions are not portable as we cannot access from anywhere. Ans: False

6.     5G never support   IoT based applications. Ans: False

7.     5G increases Application  loadtime for devices. Ans: False

8.     Due to 5G Uploading and downloading time speed is high. Ans: True

9.   Hybrid   cloud allows greater flexibility as compared to that of public and private cloud solutions. Ans: True

10.   AI can   causes major problems in the unemployment. Ans: True

Q 3. MCQ Select  1 correct option

1.     _________ as a Service is a cloud computing infrastructure that creates a development environment upon which applications may be build.

a. Infrastructure       b. Service      c. Platform            d. All of the mentioned


2.     Which of the following is classic example of an IaaS service model ?

A. AWS               B. Azure     C. Cloudera                   D. All of the mentioned


3.     Which of the following is a SaaS characteristic ?

a.     Users do not have to manage, install or upgrade software; SaaS providers manage this.

b.     Data is secure in the cloud; equipment failure does not result in loss of data.

c.      Use   of   resources   can   be   scaled depending on service needs.

d.     All of the mentioned


4.     What is Private cloud?

a.     shared  across  multiple users, globally

b.    Not shared among multiple people, of only one customer/organization

c.      Having greater flexibility with security

          d. None


5.     What are the Applications of IoT?

a. Smart lighting system   b. Smart Thermostat c.Security Cameras   d. All


6.     following  is role of smart thermostat.

a.     Brightness of light is controlled on the basis of day light.

b.    Allows  users  to schedule,    monitor    and    remotely control home temperatures.

c.      can identify known and unknown  person  and  raise  alarm,  in case of security threat.

d.     None


7.  Cloud computing  provides on-demand network access  to  a  shared  pool  of   following computing resources 

a. network  ,servers   b. Applications        c. storage     d. All


8.     Which of the following is the highest degree of integration in cloud computing?

a) CaaS                     b) AaaS                 c) PaaS            d) SaaS


9.     ……………..is about creating a  "natural,  human-like  interaction", including using the ability to interpret speech and respond to it.

a. Machine learning   b. cognitive computing c. Neural network d. Computer vision


10.            ……………………….employs   pattern recognition   and   deep   learning   to understand the content of pictures and videos, and to enable machines to use real-time  images  to  make  sense  of what's around them.

a. Computer vision b.Machine learning   c.Cognitive learning d.Natural language Processing


Q 4. MCQ   select 2 correct options    

1. SaaS       vendors      provide

a.     Users do not have to manage, install or upgrade software .

b.     equipment failure result in loss of data.

c.      Use   of   resources   can   not be    scaled depending on service needs

d.    Applications are  accessible from virtually anywhere in the world.


2.  Hybrid cloud Combines  both ……….and ……….. clouds elements

a.Public           b.Private    c.Protected       d.Virtual


3. Following are the examples of Public cloud

   a. Amazon  AWS     b. Google Cloud Platform     c. VMware vCloud 

 d. Amazon VPC


4.Following are the features of Private cloud.

a.     Not shared, of only one customer/organization

b.    Data is  protected  behind  the  firewall.

c.      shared  across  multiple users,globally.

d.     Combines  both Hybrid and public clouds elements


5.Following are disadvantages of AI

a.     Reduction in human error    b. Digital Assistance

c. Faster  Decisions     d. High cost of creation.   e. Unemployment


6. These are the Advantages   of IoT.

a. Efficient resource utilization  b. Increase  human effort   

c. Improve   security   

d. without  the  active participation   on   the   user, provides  important   personal data in maximum detail.

e. Complexity


7 .Follwing are the PaaS service providers.

 a.Force.com    b. Google's  G  suite  c. Apache Stratos  d.Dropbox d. Git Hub


Q 5. MCQ Select 3 options

1.     Following are the applications of 5G

a.Online 5G  Gaming    b. Offline classrooms.    C. Virtual Classroom d. Automated vehicle’s    e. neural network.


2.     These are the models of cloud computing

a.IaaS    b.NaaS   c,PaaS   d.DaaS   e.SaaS


3.     Following are the Subfields of Artificial Inteligence

a. Neural  networks           b.Deep learning       c.Computer vision

d. Public computing         e.Smart signal System


4.      5G  Carry  very  large amounts of data at a short distance using medium

a.Spectrum   bands     b. millimeter wave    c. radio spectrum  d.Gama rays e. Sunlight


5.     Following are the examples of SaaS?

a.Force.com    b. Google's  G  suite  c. Apache Stratos  d.Dropbox  e.Git Hub

 

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